Posidonia, Protected Marine Areas and Water Contamination
The wealth and quality of our coastline is one of Mallorca’s greatest environmental assets, which is why protecting our waters is essential for us.
The main element behind the excellent quality of the waters that bathe the Balearic Islands is the Posidonia oceanica, a seagrass species that is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. Its presence is crucial to our ecosystems for a number of reasons. The Posidonia meadows play a major role in sedimentary dynamics, they are important oxygen production and carbon sink areas, and they are a place where many species reproduce and seek refuge. They also work as large filtration devices to help clean and maintain the transparency of the seawater. For all of these reasons, the Posidonia meadows are considered to be the most important habitat of the Mediterranean Sea as well as the climax community that stands out the most in the Balearic Islands.
Along with the Posidonia, it is extremely important to protect all the biodiversity of the Balearic Sea. As a result, our long-term goal is to create a network of well-managed protected marine areas around the island in order to support artisanal fishing, reduce contamination, and protect habitats and species.